Why I Don’t Vote

Editors Note: This article reflects the opinion of the writer, but should not be taken as Radi-Call’s official position. We recognize that this topic is controversial. However, we encourage our writers to give their honest opinions. Our desire is not to be controversial, but to begin discussions that encourage our readers to think about what they believe and why. For a different perspective on voting, take a look at Ian’s article, Why I’m Thinking About Voting.

Amidst the swirl of springtime and daffodils and pandemic lockdowns, the Tuesday after the first Monday in November seems forgettably distant. It’s almost odd, how the election has fallen off the public radar. But the nonstop election coverage will come roaring back soon – don’t worry.

Pandemic aside, I’ve noticed a shift among Anabaptists when it comes to politics. We’ve become not only more aware of social issues, but also more vocal about political solutions. On social media, anyone can be a political pundit and (much to our chagrin) everyone seems to be a Social Justice Warrior or a Trump campaigner or an essential oil sales rep.

Historically, most Anabaptists have avoided the political realm. (The Münsterites did give theocracy a try, but it didn’t end well.) Generally, the Radical Reformation took root amid intense persecution that precluded any say in government. But that’s not true any longer. Today, we must figure out what it means to be separate from the world system in a country that offers and expects our participation. We must decide if our choice to stay out of politics has been convictional, or merely circumstantial.

Two boundary markers

For the sake of brevity, I’ll limit my focus to voting. The question of voting is a practical one, and it relates to almost all other aspects of our political system.

Obviously, the Bible never addresses voting, but that doesn’t mean God’s Word offers no guidance. I find it helpful to consider two boundaries from Scripture to mark the edges of what is and is not appropriate:

1. The example of Paul shows that it’s appropriate to use our rights as citizens to further the gospel. (Acts 16:35-40; 22:25; 25:6-12) Notably, while Paul does invoke his rights to better share the gospel, and perhaps to avoid unnecessary punishment, he does not use them to get revenge for wrongful treatment.

2. The example of Jesus shows that, as citizens of an earthly country, we should respect and obey our rulers. However, we ultimately belong to another kingdom, which is not political and does not come about by force. (Matthew 22:21; John 18:33-38)

It’s important to realize that we face a unique political question, but a universal temptation. Do we vote to promote good? Perhaps there is room within Christian liberty for either conviction. If history is a guide, it’s not a choice we’ll face for long.

But does the kingdom of God come about by political maneuvering on our part? To that we must definitively, emphatically say no.

When it comes to voting, I don’t have a nicely packaged answer. I’ve heard well-thought-out arguments from both sides, but at the end of the day, I’m persuaded that voting is – at best –  unwise and only moderately beneficial.

Here are five reasons not to vote:

1. Choosing not to vote frees us from a compromising position of pragmatism where one must decide between competing moral interests. Many Christians point to abortion as the primary factor in their vote, but what about other issues of moral significance? With politicians, you get what you get. (Think “one-size-fits-all poncho”, not “well-tailored suit”).

2. Choosing not to vote frees us to speak truth that is not politically expedient. We’re free to admit that Donald Trump is not a man of character, yet respect him as our president anyway. Free to move beyond party talking points. Free to be Christians without (R)’s beside our names.

3. Choosing not to vote frees us from sticky moral conundrums. I find it helpful to consider two extreme scenarios: What if all politicians were Christians? And what if none were? Ask yourself, is it theoretically possible for the entire government to consist of Christian politicians promoting Christian values? Is that – should that – be our ideal? As a nonresistant Mennonite, I couldn’t in good conscience serve as Commander-in-Chief, but I’m hoping for a Baptist to come along instead? That’s inconsistent.

The second scenario is much more likely. At what point can the Christian no longer participate in good conscience in a secularized democratic society? Most democracies are rapidly secularizing to the point where no major party even claims to represent Christian values. (In Canada, for instance, no major party is willing to confront abortion.) When is the least-bad option no longer good enough?

4. Choosing not to vote frees us from picking sides in the political melodrama. No campaign seems complete without a healthy dose of self-promotion. Of course, it helps to lower the bar a bit by slandering political opponents. While there are outliers, this is the rule. This process does not reflect the words of Jesus that “whoever would be great among you must be your servant.”

5. Choosing not to vote frees us to share an untainted gospel.  American Christianity hitched its wagon to American politics a long time ago. American Christians, pulled along by political expediency, have justified enslaving Africans, cheating Native Americans, murdering Filipinos, and bombing Laotians. Ironically, the American way melds church and state much the same as Constantine did with the Roman Empire: two strikingly different power structures, but both claiming the support and blessing of God. What damage does political involvement do to our Christian witness and the reputation of the gospel?

So should Christians do nothing?

That’s the wrong question. The right one is, “Should we add voting to the something we’re already doing?” The real problem with voting comes when we substitute it for doing something. We like to talk about ending abortion, and voting makes us feel that we’ve done our part. But real change – transformative, societal, lasting change – rarely happens in the voting booth. 

What if we invested our time in the lives of the fatherless adolescents that live across the street? What if we had our Black and Hispanic neighbors over for a cookout? What if we volunteered at a local homeless shelter? These kinds of actions promote change in a fundamentally different way than political strategy. They promote life, dignity, and human flourishing in a holistic, unmeasurable way. They are inherently grassroots efforts, changing communities and individuals who in turn change society and culture. Good change happens organically, not forcefully, and it starts with us as Christians living the truth before a watching world.

Bryce Wenger lives and works on a small farm near Dalton, Ohio. He has a love for music, literature, and learning. His free time is usually spent backpacking, canoeing, or otherwise enjoying nature. He is passionate about knowing God’s Word and living life to the fullest.

10 thoughts on “Why I Don’t Vote

  1. Good thoughts, Bryce. Also, if Anabaptists did start voting, our votes would more or less cancel each other probably 🙂

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  2. One election where many mennonites voted was to try and keep Kennedy out of the president’s office. It didn’t work. I don’t personally vote but know many mennonites who do.

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    1. Hmm, interesting. I wasn’t aware of that, but it seems that this question of political involvement has been going on for as long as Anabaptism (and for that matter, Christianity) has existed.

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    1. Thank you for reading! I’m glad you found the article helpful. I think that God wants to bless our search for clarity when we genuinely seek it.

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  3. While I understand that political involvement often coincides with bias and identification with a political party, I don’t think this has to be the case. I also don’t think someone’s faith is a reason to vote (or not vote) for that person. A vote should be based only on whether a person is the best fit to perform their duties. I agree that too often religion and politics get mixed together and historically, that has been a bad thing. Although, I would argue that a person can vote and still have each of the freedoms presented in the article. The key is having a healthy separation between religion and politics. People often forget that morality and legality are not the same thing. I don’t think it is ethical or biblical to use law to force people to live by one set of morals. Obviously, laws that protect peoples’ health, promote their well-being, and ensure justice are necessary, but those are not the laws I am talking about. I think there is room for Anabaptists to vote, but only if they do not let politics reduce or taint their view of Biblical truth.

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    1. Thank you for your thoughts, Alex.

      I’m not sure that I agree with the idea that some laws are morally neutral. That is, in my opinion, a product of secular thinking. The concept that morality and religion are in one realm, but science and ordinary life are in another just isn’t true. In fact, it’s impossible to live that way because we all make decisions based on what we believe is true all the time — even secular people do. For instance, you believe laws protecting health, well-being, and justice are important. Rightly so, because those are morally good things!

      The real question is, who’s version of morality do we legislate? Who decide what is just and what promotes well-being? That’s the root of law, and it will always be a moral decision.

      However, I do agree that we cannot force people to live a Christian life. The law punishes evil, but it is inadequate to make someone good. That’s where I think the Church has a role, not in the voting booth, but in proclaiming the Gospel. We shouldn’t waste time to change people through legislation, but we should speak truth and morality to our society. God can use that more powerfully than any vote!

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      1. Bryce,

        I absolutely agree that daily life and science as a whole cannot be separated from religion. Beliefs about the way the world came to be and functions are foundational to our perspective on how science and human interaction work. I also agree that designing a moral code for an entire society to follow is very difficult and no living person has a perfect sense of morality that can be applied to large, diverse groups of people such as the population of the United States. This is a very interesting argument against voting; however, the U.S. political system does not directly rely on the citizens to create or pass legislation. This is why it is not a true democracy. I would argue that voting is based on far more than moral issues and some of these issues do not necessarily have a morally right and wrong side. For example, both sides of the debate on universal healthcare belief that their view will be best for the country. I would like to belief that both sides support their respective side because it is the side they belief would best serve the health of the general public: a morally good motive. Both sides have evidence to support their system, and neither side is “the bad guy” no matter how the media portrays the situation. This is a situation where there is no morally right or wrong system, it is only a matter of which system would function better.

        Making decisions on this type of issue is where the healthy separation between religion and politics comes in. I failed to define what this meant earlier, but what I meant by this was not a complete separation of religion and politics. As you said, that is impossible. I believe prayer should be a big part of a person’s political involvement. Religion is going to guide a person’s opinions no matter what, but what I meant is not intertwining religion into political agendas. Many Christians identify as Republican simply because that is the “Christian side” of politics. This is where my issues with connecting religion and politics happen. At the start, the difference between Republicans and Democrats was based on the issue of federal government power. This is the core of the party separation. Contrary to popular belief, a person can hold the democratic belief in centralized government, be pro-life, pro-religious freedom, and hold conservative Christian values. It is just very rare and mainstream Democrats and Republicans probably wouldn’t like them very much.

        All of that said, 1 Peter 2:13 says “Be subject for the Lord’s sake to every human institution…” (ESV). Paul also talks about subjection to authority and states that authority is “instituted by God.” In the United States the process of instituting most positions of authority rely on voter participation. In voting we have the opportunity to allow God to institute authority through us. As I said before, I think there is room for Anabaptists to vote (prayerfully, I might add), as long as they don’t let politics harm their relationships with God or their peers within the Church.

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